Do you want to install Linux Ubuntu alongside your Windows 8.1 operating system, then the following instruction / tutorial will hopefully help you with the installation (you may do so at your own risk). To install two operating systems on the same hard drive as example Linux Ubuntu next to the Windows 8.1 called dual boot. This means that one can choose between the operating system when booting the computer. “Dual” = double “and” boot “= boot. I guess there are several ways to install Linux Ubuntu on your computer, and this is one of them. I chose to install the Ubuntu operating system via USB stick / memory although you can also install Ubuntu by burning the file to a CD.
When I myself learned this setup there were many new terms and concepts that appeared. I have checked up their importance and at the end of this tutorial, you have a glossary with definitions of some of the terms in this document. The terms I have definiterat are marked with red text and figure in the text.
The following tutorial / instructional did anyway that I got Linux up and running Ubuntu on my computer. I do not know whether the installation of the operating system was perfect because I have to use the function key F12 when starting your computer to choose which operating system I want out. Apparently it should be possible to fix so that this window will pop up automatically but I have not been ambitious enough to find out how. IOF then it is not so difficult to press F12.
The following tutorial may not be exactly as I did because it messed up and I had to try it my way. See these instructions as a pointer, and it would not work so figure out the rest yourself.
Procedure to install Linux Ubuntu 4.15 next to the Windows 8.1 by USB stick / memory
0.5. Insert a USB stick into the computer. My USB stick, 16 GB of memory.
1. I downloaded the 64 bit version of Linux Ubunto download of Linux Ubuntu 04.15. If you have 32-bit processor, you choose the course.
The file was approximately 1.1 GB. To download what is called ISO file. (1).
I chose “save file” and saved it in a folder for downloads.
2. I loaded then the app “Universal USB Installer” on the Universal USB Installer
I saved in a folder.
Universal USB Installer is a program that allows you to transfer the ISO file to a USB memory.
Since I started running the installation of the “USB universal installer”. I got up page “set up your selection Page” on the program will come and I chose “Ubuntu”.
Then I clicked on “Browse” and I chose the downloaded ISO file.
Then I chose the USB stick I had.
I clicked on “create”.
3. Then it is time to create partitions (2) on the Windows hard disk. We go to the “disk management” for example, through a) start menu b) administration c) disk management d) storage.
Here we will create partitions must be on the same disk as Windows 8.1. We find the disk that Windows 8.1 is on in the “disk management” and right-click on the partition. We select “Properties” (Properties).
In the window that opens, including the options of “error checking” and “optimize and defragment the drive” message. According to the tutorial I read so you may want to run both the “error checking” and also “optimize and defragment drive” before making konfigueringen. I myself did not do it.
4. Then we make a detour and use the Windows key and “R” and type “diskmgmt.msc” (disk management)
When you get the result you want written to the disk is ” default ” (2.5) and not “dynamic”.
5. We will return to the “Disk Manager” and select the partition for Windows 8.1 back in and right-click. We choose ” Shrink Volume ” (3). I chose 21 GB to shrinkage.
It pops up a partition that says “not allocated ” (4) We right-click on it and choose “select new volume”.
We will create three partitions on your hard drive.
The first will be at 10 GB and the other two of about 5.2 GB. Just follow the instructions how to create new volume and then do the same on the other partitions you create. Remember, do not select “Assign a drive letter (5) or drive path “(5.5). You should also not select “formate this volume”.
6. After this it’s time to restart the computer. Make sure your USB stick is inserted into the socket. When the computer restarts, press the function town antigen F12. This pops up a window and there you select “Install Ubuntu” . If you want, you can select “Try Ubuntu” just to see if the operating system is running on the computer. If you do this and it works, you can then click on the icon “Install Ubuntu” that you find on the Ubuntu desktop.
7. Since the installation will begin. You get up a window where you select how the installation should be done, select the “something else” . I also chose “install third party applications” and “download updates automatically”.
A window pops up where you will, among other things To see the partitions you have created. You can recognize them by volume (10 GB, 5.2 GB) and that it is “unknown.” There will also be something like (/ dev / sda3) (6) or similar and this is the name of the partitions.
Click on the 10GB partition and click on “change” that says “edit partition”. Select “Use as ext4 journaling file systems . (7) “We select” / “as the mount point (8)
Then when it comes to the next partition, you will do the same procedure but selecting “/ home” that point.
And on the last portitionen the final select “swap area” (9) or “swap” that point.
Then we should choose tools bootloader (10) and we choose the same disk as Windows 8.1. (Windows Boot Manager should you choose if I remember correctly).
17. Click “Install Now”
18. After you get the message “restart the computer”. Do so and take out your USB stick.
19. If you are lucky you will get a message asking you to choose which operating system you want to boot. It has thus come up a window where you can choose. If not done so, restart the computer again and the start-up, press the function key, F12. Then there will be a window where you can select the operating system and then select Ubuntu.
Then start Linux Ubuntu and and just start using it. I hope this tutorial on how to install Ubuntu Linux with the USB stick / memory dual boot with Windows 8.1 has been helpful.
GLOSSARY Linux Ubuntu installation Windows 8.1
1. ISO file. What is an ISO file or ISO image? An ISO file is a file that is an exact copy of the contents of an optical disc. One can e.g. copy an entire operating system and the result is a file which is an ISO file. The word “ISO” comes from ISO 9660 as a standard how the file system on a CD-ROM disc should be. “ISO” is short for International Organisaton for Standardization, which is an organic Nissa tion which simply sets standards for various things. When downloading the Linux operating system Ubuntu, download a complete ISO file.
Optical disc = generic term for CDs, DVDs and Blu-ray Disc; also other types of disks that are read by laser.
2. Partitions. What is a partition? A partition is an area on the hard drive. A hard disk consists of several partitions. This partition can be formatted with a file system. Partitioning is doing so that you can have multiple file systems on the same hard drive. For example, the unit “C” on most Windows computers a partition. . Partition called iblan also for ” volume “.
2.5. Standarideserade- and dynamic disks. The difference between these is that the standard hard drives are easier to use. Dynamic disks use multiple partitions to increase performance. The ordinary user normally uses the standard hard drive. Standard Hard drives are easier to handle. Dynamic = changing and not statistic.
3. Shrink Volume. Volume = partition. “Shrink Volume” simply means that you decrease a partition, thus freeing up more space on your hard drive which can then be used.
4. Allocate. Allocate means to do some of the hard drive is ready for use. Formatting in other words.
5. Drive Letter. Drive letter means “letter to the partition,” such as the letter “C” in the Window partition. Drive = disk or partition. Letter = letter.
5.5. Drive path. Is the same as the drive letter. You create a road til partition (drive) via a path (path). The way is e.g. the letter “C” in the windows. Clicking on C will lead you to the partition.
6. / dev / sda3. Is about how Linux naming their partitions. Windows has letters such as “C”. “/ Dev /” is the folder in the file system that contains the “device files”. “SDA” ä’r hard drive that the partition is on. (SDA is the primary drive. “Sdb” is the secondary hard drive.. “3” means it is the third partition on the hard drive.
7. Ext4 journaling file system. This is a file that contains a file called “Journal”. Journal file is used to repair things that can go wrong when a computer is turned off. Ext4 means that it is the fourth version of the file system. Extended = expanded / extended.
8. Mount point. Mount = place / bust. Point = folder / directory. Placing a file system (mount = place) to a folder / directory. This folder is called the “point”, and this folder becomes the root directory or the root directory for that file system.
9. The swap or växlingsytrymme. Swap = swap / switch. Swap is an area on the hard drive where you can temporarily place the data that the operating system can not be in RAM.
10. Bootloader. “Booting Hastings charger” (self-invented term :). Boot = boot. Load = “load” or “prepare”. Bootlader is a program that loads the operating system up to your computer when the computer starts up. Bootloader also starts operating. The operating system must first be implemented in the computer system before you can use it.