Codex Alimentarius determines what you can and cannot eat.
The word Codex Alimentarius is latin and means rules for food. Codex Alimentarius is a set of global rules related to food and food safety – it determines what you can and cannot eat. Codex Alimentarius (CA) is run by the United Nations organization called Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) in co-operation with World Health Organization (WHO).
Codex Alimentarius was established in 1963 and is run by the Codex Alimentarius Commission (CAC). CAC has currently (2019) 189 members. All nations that is members of the World Trade Organization is automatically obliged to follow the rules of Codex Alimentarius, that includes all EU member states. CAC has its office in Rome, Italy. Every membership country has its Codex Contact Point – which is the nations authority in that area (food agency).
The CAC has annual meetings. Codex Alimentarius is funded by nation states that are members of FAO and WHO. Another thing the CAC is working for is removing barriers to trade. In Codex Alimentarius we also have the Dispute Settlement Mechanism which is kind of a supranational private court system which bypass national court systems and is run by the WTO. The WTO bases its decisions regarding food on the regulations in Codex Alimentarius.
Video above: the Codex Alimentarius Commission has annual meetings. The video above is from CAC41 (the 41st session of the Codex Alimentarius Commission) which was held in Italy in 2018.
THE COMMITTEES OF CODEX ALIMENTARIUS
Under the Codex Alimentarius Commission there are currently 16 committees dealing with different type of food related issues. These committees are:
- CCEXEC – The Executive Committee of Codex which is the executive organ of the Codex Commission.
- CCCF – Codex Committee on Contaminants in Foods.
- CCFA – Codex Committee on Food Additives.
- CCHF – Codex Committee on Food Hygiene.
- CCFICS – Codex Committee on Food Import and Export Inspection and Certification Systems.
- CCFL – Codex Committee on Food Labeling.
- CCGP – Codex Committee on General Principles.
- CCMAS – Codex Committee on Methods of Analysis and Sampling.
- CCNFSDU – Codex Committee on Nutrition and Foods for Special Dietary Uses.
- CCPR – Codex Committee on Pesticide Residues.
- CCRVDF – Codex Committee on Residues of Veterinary Drugs in Foods.
- CCCPL – Codex Committee on Cereals, Pulses and Legumes.
- CCFFV – Codex Committee on Fresh Fruits and Vegetables.
- CCFO – Codex Committee on Fats and Oils.
- CCPFV – Codex Committee on Processed Fruits and Vegetables.
- CCSCH – Codex Committee on Spices and Culinary Herbs.
Those committees above have annual meetings where global standards for food are established. They decide on issues likefood labeling, food hygiene, food additives, pesticide, biotechnology, risk assessment of food, standards for meat, fish and fishery, milk, foods for dietary uses, vegetables and fruits.
There are also five WHO/FAO coordinating committees:1. CCAFRICA – FAO/WHO Coordinating Committee for Africa.
2. CCASIA – FAO/WHO Coordinating Committee for Asia.
3. CCEURO – FAO/WHO Coordinating Committee for Europe.
4. CCLAC – FAO/WHO Coordinating Committee for Latin America and the Caribbean.
5. CCNASWP – FAO/WHO Coordinating Committee for North America and South West Pacific.
6. CCNE – FAO/WHO Coordinating Committee for Near East.
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